The Bible (La Bible Historiale) by Guyart Des Moulins
Who actually wrote the Bible, that series of sixty-six holy books of multiple genres? Where did the Old and New Testaments come from, written before and after the birth of Christ?
To answer these questions, at most we can rely upon ancient manuscripts to retrace the evolution. Originally, the Bible was written in Hebrew and Aramaic. It was later translated into Greek and then Latin. Saint Jerome's Latin translation, the Vulgate, founded the Church in the fifth century and inspired numerous commentaries that influenced the intellectual history of the West, such as those of Petrus Comestor, the Master Historian of Medieval Europe and author of the Historia Scholastica.
But in the Middle Ages, Latin was, in reality, the language of the learned, of Mass. The people -- and even the priests-- did not fully comprehend it.
The first translation in French prose
The first French prose translation is one of the most famous translations in the history of the Bible and dates back to 1295: the Bible Historiale translated and compiled by Guyart des Moulins. Historiale may be translated as illustrated, but it also means related to history. The document juxtaposed the Vulgate and the Historia Scholastica, but it was also a compendium of the legends and sciences needed to interpret the holy texts of Antiquity.
It was thus a book within a book, like a lengthy commentary, with numerous ramifications, fuelled by medieval folklore from the East and West, combining Jewish thought with Christian Revelations.
It contains the words of Moses the stutterer, a soldier in Pharaoh's army, magician and astronomer, and the Natural Histories of Pliny the Elder. This Bible is a veritable encyclopaedia of the Middle Ages.
A collective effort
The manuscript, which was copied, annotated and illuminated in 1411, was chosen on the advice of Xavier-Laurent Salvador and was the fruit of the work of a number of renowned artists from the Middle Ages: authors Saint Jerome and Petrus Comestor, translator Guyart des Moulins, a copyist named Thomas du Val from the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Clairefontaine; and the illustrator known as the Egerton Master. Kept at the British Library, the original is a unique document.
The first stories from the First Testament
This volume contains the first part of the New Testement : Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, Numbers, Joshua, Judges and Kings.
These will be followed by a second edition in 2018.
The book is published in its original size: 19 in x 14 in
- ISBN: 9791095457442
- height: 19 in
- Width: 14 in
- Depth: 1,5 in
- Weight: 12 Lbs.
- Cover: Green
- Endband: Black
- Bookmark: Black
- Endpaper: Black
- Print: Color
- Gilding : Slipcase, cover, border
- Marquage: Or
- Print run: 1,850 copies
- Numbered copy: Yes
- Language: French
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